Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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Answer the following. What is left wing extremism in India ? - Political Science

Answer in Brief

Answer the following.

What is left-wing extremism in India?

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Solution

Left-Wing Extremism (also called Maoist movement or Naxalism) has major support base among landless labourers, Dalits and tribals who experience a sense of oppression, injustice and neglect.
The first attempt to promote a peasant struggle was the Telangana Movement (1946-51). The Naxal movement originated in 1967 in Naxalbari (West Bengal) led by Kanu Sanyal and writings of Charu Majumdar. Since the 1980s the movement has taken a militant turn. In 2004 CPI (M-L), People's War Group (PWG) and Maoist Communist Centre ( MCC) of India merged to form CPI (Maoist) which aims to overthrow the government, Naxal activities aim to destroy public property and attack police and officials. The Red Corridor of Naxal activities extends across States like Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, etc.
Some of their broad tactics are as follows:
(i) Use of propaganda slogans
(ii) Establishment of mass movements
(iii) Mobilisation of women, tribals, and minorities into the revolution
(iv) Mobilisation of urban population on mass issues
(v) Develop appropriate forms of military organization

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Balbharati Political Science 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 4 Contemporary India: Challenges to Peace, Stability and National Integration
Exercise Q.6 | Q 1 | Page 47
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