Answer the following questions: What factors are responsible for development of various patterns in settlement? Give examples. - Geography

Answer in Brief

Answer the following questions:

What factors are responsible for the development of various patterns in the settlement? Give examples.



  • Patterns of settlements are affected by various physical factors like relief, soils, climate, availability of water supply, etc.
  • Physical factors influence the type and spacing of settlements, which results in various patterns of settlements.
  • Type of soil and soil quality are two important factors affecting rural settlements.
  • Fertile plains and valleys have thick, rich and fertile alluvial soil supporting agriculture, so nucleated settlements develop in these areas. For example, most of the villages in the Ganga plains have nucleated settlements.
  • Settlements develop as per the relief of that area. For example, Foothill settlements develop at the foot of the mountain, and hilltop settlements develop at the top of the hill. For example, hilltop settlement at Shimla or Manali.
  • In mountainous or hilly relief areas, there are dispersed or isolated settlements due to inaccessibility. For example, dispersed or isolated settlements in the Himalayan mountains.
  • Sometimes settlements develop along the coastline, canal, river, road, or railway line. They are in a straight line; they are called linear settlements. For example, settlements along the Konkan coastline and the Mumbai-Pune road.
  • Climate also affects the development of settlements. People avoid areas of extreme climate. Therefore, such areas have dispersed settlements.
    For example, due to the extremely hot climate, there are dispersed settlements in Rajasthan, and due to the extremely cold climate, there are isolated settlements in the polar regions.
  • Water is essential for human development. Therefore, many settlements develop around lakes or natural tanks, which are circular settlements.
  • Sometimes settlements develop at the confluence of two rivers, the settlements grow on all three sides, and they are triangular settlements. For example, Karad town is on the confluence of Krishna and Koyna rivers.
  • Sometimes, settlements grow around the mines or any central object. This centre point provides a source of livelihood for the people. Thus, the radial pattern of settlement develops. For example, radial settlements around coal mines in the State of Bihar.
Concept: Types of Settlement
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Chapter 3: Human Settlements and Land Use - Exercise Q.4 [Page 29]


Balbharati Geography 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use
Exercise Q.4 | Q 2 | Page 29

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