Answer the following question with the help of given points:
Explain the impact of both. world wars:
- Loss of life and economy
- Stand taken by Indian National Congress
- Impact on England
- Loss of life and economy: The two world wars caused loss of life and wealth to a great extent. The awareness that there should be an effective measure to avoid such wars in future made the victorious nations create organisations called ‘League of Nations’ after the First World War and ‘United Nations’ after the Second World War. India has contributed significantly in the work of these organisations.
- Stand taken by Indian National Congress: The Indian National Congress protested against the Viceroy’s announcement. The Indian National Congress demanded that if England was true to its words then it should immediately grant India’s freedom. The Congress also made a commitment that India, as an independent nation would help England in the war against Germany. It was also announced that if the imperialistic administration of the British Government in India was to prevail, then Indians will not help the British. However, Lord Linlithgow announced that the British Government will not ponder upon any of the Indian issues till the end of the war.
- Impact on England: In the month of August 1945 the Second World War was finally concluded. In this war England emerged victorious but it lost heavily in terms of human life and economic conditions. As a result, England grew weaker.
Concept: Impact of the World Wars on India
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