Answer the following question.
Why was Congress reluctant to allow women to hold any position of authority within the organization? How did women participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement? Explain.
Gandhiji was convinced that it was the duty of women to look after home and hearth, be good mothers and good wives. And for a long time, Congress was reluctant to allow women to hold any position of authority within the organization. It was keen only on their symbolic presence.
Another important feature of the Civil Disobedience Movement was the large-scale participation of women. During Gandhiji’s salt march, thousands of women came out of their homes to listen to him. They participated in protest marches, manufactured salt, and picketed foreign cloth and liquor shops. Many went to jail. In urban areas these women were from high-caste families; in rural areas, they came from rich peasant households. Moved by Gandhiji’s call, they began to see service to the nation as a sacred duty of women.