Answer the following question, which help you understand the difference between Thomson’s model and Rutherford’s model better. Keeping other factors fixed, it is found experimentally - Physics

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Short Note

Answer the following question, which help you understand the difference between Thomson’s model and Rutherford’s model better.

Keeping other factors fixed, it is found experimentally that for small thickness t, the number of α-particles scattered at moderate angles is proportional to t. What clue does this linear dependence on t provide?

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Solution

Scattering is mainly due to single collisions. The chances of a single collision increase linearly with the number of target atoms. Since the number of target atoms increases with an increase in thickness, the collision probability depends linearly on the thickness of the target.

Concept: Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Physics Part 1 and 2 Class 12
Chapter 12 Atoms
Exercise | Q 12.11 (c) | Page 436
NCERT Class 12 Physics Textbook
Chapter 12 Atoms
Exercise | Q 11.3 | Page 436
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