Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (Electronics) 11th
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Answer the following question. Show that if Z = AB, △ZZ=△AA+△BB - Physics

Answer in Brief

Answer the following question.

Show that if Z = `"A"/"B"`, `(triangle"Z")/"Z" = (triangle"A")/"A" + (triangle "B")/"B"`

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Solution

Errors in divisions:

Suppose, Z = `"A"/"B"` and measured values of A and B are (A ± ΔA) and (B ± ΔB) then,

Z ± ΔZ = `("A" +- triangle"A")/("B"+-triangle"B")`

∴ Z`(1 +- (triangle"Z")/"Z") = ("A"[1 +-(Δ"A"//"A")])/("B"[1 +-(Δ"B"//"B")])`

`= "A"/"B" xx [1 +-(Δ"A"//"A")]/[1 +-(Δ"B"//"B")]`

As, `(triangle"B")/"B" ≪ 1,` expanding using Binomial theorem,

`"Z"(1 +- (triangle"Z")/"Z") = "Z" (1 +- (triangle"A")/"A") xx (1  bar+ (Δ"B")/"B")`   ....`(because "A"/"B" = "Z")`

∴ `1 +- (Δ"Z")/"Z" = 1 +- (Δ"A")/"A" bar+ (Δ"B")/"B" +- (Δ"A")/"A" xx (Δ"B")/"B"`

Ignoring term `(Δ"A")/"A" xx (Δ"B")/"B", (Δ"Z")/"Z" = +-  (Δ"A")/"A"  bar+  (Δ"B")/"B"`

This gives four possible values of `(Δ"Z")/"Z"` as

`(+ (Δ"A")/"A" - (Δ"B")/"B"), (+(Δ"A")/"A" + (Δ"B")/"B"), (-(Δ"A")/"A" - (Δ"B")/"B") and (-(Δ"A")/"A" + (Δ"B")/"B")`

∴ Maximum relative error of `(Δ"Z")/"Z" +- ((Δ"A")/"A" + (Δ"B")/"B")`

Thus, when two quantities are divided, the maximum relative error in the result is the sum of relative errors in each quantity.

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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Physics 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1 Units and Measurements
Exercises | Q 2. (v) | Page 14
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