Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Answer the following question. Outline the industrial production of dihydrogen from steam. Also, write the chemical reaction involved. - Chemistry

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Answer in Brief

Answer the following question.

Outline the industrial production of dihydrogen from steam. Also, write the chemical reaction involved.

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Solution

Three stages are involved in the industrial production of dihydrogen from steam.

  1. Stage 1:
    a. Reaction of steam on hydrocarbon or coke (C) at 1270 K temperature in presence of nickel catalyst gives water-gas which is a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
    1.Reaction of steam with hydrocarbon:
    \[\ce{\underset{\text{Methane (Hydrocarban)}}{CH4_{(g)}}+\underset{\text{Steam}}{H2O_{(g)}}->[1270K][Ni]\underset{\text{Water-gas (syngas)}}{CO_{(g)} + 3H2_{(g)}}}\]
    2. Reaction of steam with coke or carbon (C):
    \[\ce{C_{(s)} + H2O_{(g)}->[1270K][Ni]CO_{(g)} + H2_{(g)}}\]
    b. Sawdust, scrap wood, etc. can also be used in place of carbon.
  2. Stage 2: Water-gas shift reaction:
    When carbon monoxide in the water-gas reacts with steam in the presence of iron chromate (FeCrO4) as a catalyst, it gets transformed into carbon dioxide. This is called water-gas shift reaction.
    \[\ce{\underset{\text{Carbon monoxide (from syngas mixture)}}{CO_{(g)}} + \underset{\text{Steam}}{H2O_{(g)}}->[673K][Iron chromate catalyst]\underset{\text{Carbon dioxide}}{CO2_{(g)}} + \underset{\text{Hydrogen}}{H2_{(g)}}}\]
  3. Stage 3: In the last stage, carbon dioxide is removed by scrubbing with sodium arsenite solution.
Concept: Hydrogen
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Chemistry 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 8 Elements of Group 1 and 2
Exercises | Q 3. (B) | Page 122
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