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Answer the Following Question. Obtain the Expression for the Ratio of the De-broglie Wavelengths Associated with the Electron Orbiting in the Second and Third Excited States of the Hydrogen Atom. - Physics

Numerical

Answer the following question.
Obtain the expression for the ratio of the de-Broglie wavelengths associated with the electron orbiting in the second and third excited states of the hydrogen atom.

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Solution

Second excited state (n = 3)
Third excited state (n = 4)

We know that, 

`E = "hc"/λ`

`(13.6)/(n^2) = "hc"/λ`

`(13.6)/("n"^2"hc") = 1/λ`

`λ = ("n"^2"hc")/(13.6)`

Now,

`λ_2/λ_3 = ("n"_2^2"hc")/(13.6) xx (13.6)/("n"_3^2"hc")`

`λ_2/λ_3 = ("n"^2 2)/("n"^2 3) = (3)^2/(4)^2`

`λ_2/λ_3 = (9)/(16)`

`λ_2 : λ_3 = 9: 16`

Concept: de-Broglie Relation
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