Answer the following question in five to six sentences:
Explain the drawbacks of the Public Distribution System.
The drawbacks of the Public Distribution System are:
i. Limited benefits to poor:
- Under the Public Distribution System, food grains are provided to ration cardholders only.
- These ration cards are issued on the basis of a residential address.
- So, seasonal migrant workers and homeless people are not able to get their benefits.
ii. Regional disparities:
- Some regions are well developed, while some are less developed.
- In some states, a large number of families are below the poverty line.
- But, the off-take of food grains through the Public Distribution System is not accordingly.
- Due to this regional imbalance, most people are not able to get the benefits of the Public Distribution System.
iii. Urban bias:
- Nearly 75% of fair price shops are in rural areas but, the off-take of food grains through the Public Distribution System is more in urban areas.
- The transport system in villages is not as efficient as in the cities.
- At times, food grains and Kerosene are not available in most of the fair price shops in rural areas.
iv. Inefficient Food Corporation of India:
- It is the duty of the Food Corporation of India to supply food grains for distribution through fair price shops.
- But, there are some inefficiencies.
- Excess stock of food grains is not stored properly.
- Therefore, it creates a scarcity of food grains even after an increase in production.