Answer the following question in detail.Why did the strongest Maratha rule come to an end? - History

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Answer in Brief

Answer the following question in detail.
Why did the strongest Maratha rule come to an end?

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There were several reasons for the downfall of the Maratha empire :

  1. Internal weakness of the Maratha Empire: The empire of the Marathas was not well-knit. It was a confederacy of the Maratha chiefs who were in conflict with one another. The nominal unity of the Marathas remained only up to the period of the rule of Madhav Rao I.
  2. Lack of Political Foresight: The Marathas lacked wisdom and farsightedness. They failed to achieve the political unity of India and therefore failed to utilise the resources of the country either for the benefit of the people or for meeting the challenge of a foreign foe.
  3. Incapable Leadership: All capable Maratha chiefs died by the end of the eighteenth century. After that, the leadership of the Marathas was taken over by Bajirao II, Daulatrao Scindia, Yashwant Rao Holkar, and Nana Phadnavis. The Marathas thus lacked leadership.
  4. Military weakness of the Marathas: The Marathas were militarily weak compared to the English as they had left their traditional method of guerrilla warfare and adopted European methods which they failed to perfect.
  5. The diplomacy of the English: The English were more diplomatic than the Marathas. The quarrels among the Marathas provided a good opportunity for the English to take advantage. Besides, the English had their eyes on the politics of entire India.
Concept: Colonialism Vs. the Maratha Empire
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Balbharati History 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 4 Colonialism and the Marathas
Exercise Q.4 | Q 3 | Page 33

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