Answer the following question in detail.
Write about the cultural interrelationship between India and Myanmar.
- 'Myanmar' is a neighbouring country of India. It was earlier known as 'Brahmdesh'. In the 2nd century B.C.E. there were city-states known as 'Pyu' in the north and central regions of Myanmar.
- Among the new 'Pyu' cities that came into existence at a later period were the cities of' Halin' and 'Shrikshetra' were important.
- Shrikshetra was the largest among the 'Pyu' cities. The founders of Shrikshetra belonged to the Shakya clan of Gautam Buddha.
- The three Pyu cities of Halin, Beikthano, and Shrikshetra where archaeological excavations were conducted, have brought into light many remains of buildings like stupas, cemeteries, and structures built for water management. The three sites have been declared as World Cultural Heritage sites.
- The 'Shwedagon' pagoda built between the 6th - l0th century C.E. at Yongan (Rangoon) is one of the finest examples of stupa architecture in Myanmar.
- The 'Shwedagon' pagoda contains the hair of Gautama Buddha. This pagoda is covered with sheets of gold.
- The 'Anand Temple' is another important monument built during the reign of Kyanzittha, the emperor of Pagan in the 11th century C.E. It is the finest example of the combined architectural style of India and Pagan.
Concept: India and Southeast Asia
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