Answer the following question in detail with help of the given points.
Explain the factors influencing Indian foreign policy.
(c) International System Economy
Factors Influencing India's Foreign Policy
(a) Geography - The extensive coastline of the India peninsula and the Himalayan mountain ranges have shaped India's security and foreign policy. India shares a border with all neighbouring countries of South Asia. It also holds a dominant position in the India Ocean.
(b) History - It includes the influence of traditional cultural values, cultural ties as well as values like anti-colonialism which were imbibed during the freedom struggle.
(c) International System Economy - During the Cold War, the bipolar system and superpower politics had impacted the foreign policy of India. Similarly, there were major changes in Indian foreign policy when the Cold War ended. Besides the international system, the regional system has also made a deep impact on India’s foreign policy.
(d) Polity - Political leadership has a significant impact on India's foreign policy for e.g. Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru. Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
Narendra Modi have played a decisive role in determining India's foreign policy. Ministry of External Affairs and National Security Advisor plays an important role in formulating foreign