Answer in Brief
Answer the following question in detail.
Describe Alexander’s invasion of India.
- Alexander invaded the Indian subcontinent and conquered some kingdoms from Afghanistan to Sindh-Punjab.
- He, however, could not establish his rule there for a long time.
- Alexander became the king of Macedonia in 334 B.C.E. He defeated emperor Daryush III in 331 B.C.E.
- After conquering the region of Kabul, he reached the foothills of the Hindukush mountains.
- Then he camped at a place called Nicaea situated on Uttarapatha. Ambhi welcomed Alexander and sought friendship with him.
- Alexander conquered almost all kingdoms in Kabul, Sindh, and Punjab.
- On the bank of Jhelum, Alexander and King Porus confronted each other and there was a fierce battle between them.
- Porus was defeated but Alexander and his army were greatly influenced by his valour.
- Alexander's soldiers had lost spirit due to the frequent battles and refused to march forward. Alexander was forced to return.
- Before returning, Alexander handed over the regions in Punjab.
Concept: Advent of Alexander
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