Answer the Following Question. Explain Any Four Features of Co-ordination. - Business Studies

Advertisements
Advertisements
Answer in Brief

Answer the following question.
Explain any four features of co-ordination.

Advertisements

Solution 1

Coordination is considered the essence of management. It combines the individual contribution of all employees for the accomplishment of the desired organisational goals in a specific time period. It creates a connection among all the functions of management.

Features of coordination:

  1. Team activity: Coordination is essentially a team activity as it synchronises the contribution of all individuals for the accomplishment of organisational goals. That is, it combines the performance of individual workers for achieving the goals set.
  2. Collective enforcement: The primary aim of coordination is to combine the contribution of all employees. It is a function which unifies the different functions of management. It makes sure that employees of an organisation work synchronously towards achieving organisational goals.
  3. Recurring process: Coordination is a recurring process. It develops a medium among the functions of management. Coordination initiates in the beginning, i.e. from planning, and repeats till the end, i.e. till controlling. It ensures that goals are accomplished in accordance to the predetermined targets.
  4. Performed at all levels of hierarchy: Coordination is pervasive in nature, i.e. it is undertaken at all levels of hierarchy in management. It is done by the management of all departmental undertakings at all levels to attain unity of action.

Solution 2

Features of Coordination:

  1. Integrates group efforts: Coordination acts as a binding force in the organisation in the sense that it unifies the efforts of various individuals in the organisation towards the achievement of common goals and objectives of the organisation.
  2. Team activity: Coordination is essentially a team activity as it synchronises the contribution of all individuals for the accomplishment of organisational goals. That is, it combines the performance of individual workers for achieving the goals set.
  3. Collective enforcement: The primary aim of coordination is to combine the contribution of all employees. It is a function which unifies the different functions of management. It makes sure that employees of an organisation work synchronously towards achieving organisational goals.
  4. Recurring process: Coordination is a recurring process. It develops a medium among the functions of management. Coordination initiates in the beginning, i.e. from planning, and repeats till the end, i.e. till controlling. It ensures that goals are accomplished in accordance with the predetermined targets
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2015-2016 (March) Foreign Set 3

RELATED QUESTIONS

Planning is ___________ function. 

Management should avoid workers’ participation while making decisions.


Describe any four characteristics of 'co-ordination'.


Alliance Ltd. is engaged in manufacturing plastic buckets. The objective of the company is to manufacture 100 buckets a day. To achieve this, the efforts of all departments are coordinated
and the interlinked and authority-responsibility relationship is established among various job positions.

There is clarity on who is to report to whom

Name the function of management discussed above.


Smita had been working as an assistant manager with 'Johnson Enterprises' for the last ten years. She was very popular amongst her colleagues because of her commitment and dedication towards the work. When the manager senior to her retired, all her colleagues thought that now Smita would be promoted. But to everyone's surprise, the vacant post was filled by an outsider, Mrs Rita. Smita felt demoralised and her performance started declining. She would abstain herself often and could not meet her targets

Mrs Rita was a good leader, who would not only instruct her subordinates but would also guide and inspire them. She noticed Smita's behaviour and felt that her performance could be improved. She started involving Smita in decision making-issues related to the organisation and made her a part of a high-level joint-management committee. Smita was now punctual in office and her performance started improving.

1) Identify the function of management being performed by Rita.

2) Name the elements of the above function of management which helped Rita to improve Smita's behaviour

3) State any three features of the element identified in (ii) above


A company was manufacturing 'LED bulbs' which were in great demand. It was found that the target of producing 300 bulbs a day was not met by the employees. On analysis, it was found that the workers were not at fault. Due to electricity failure and a shortage of workers, the company was not able to achieve the set targets and alternative arrangements were needed. To meet the increased demand, the company assessed that approximately 88 additional workers were required out of which 8 would work as heads of different departments and 10 would work as subordinates under each head The required qualifications and job specifications were also enlisted. It was also decided that necessary relaxation should be given to encourage women, persons from backward and rural areas and persons with special abilities to assume responsible positions in the organisation. All efforts were made to match the ability of the applicants with the nature of work.

a. Identify the functions of management discussed above

b. State the two steps in the process of each function discussed in the above para.

c. List any two values which the company wants to communicate to the society


Statement with reasons whether the following statements are True or False:
Planning has no vital importance in the process of management.


Write short note on the following 

Importance of Directing.


A process where in the manager instructs, guides and communicates with employees.


The first and basic function of management


 State the nature of staffing.


The function of management which involves harmonization or balancing of group efforts.


Management and Administration.


Co-ordination is similar to staffing.


 Professional Managers are highly educated.


List any two indicators of growth of an organisation . 


“A successful enterprise has to achieve its goals effectively and efficiently.” Explain. 


Management is a series of continuous interrelated functions.  Comment.


Write a word or a phrase or a term which can substitute the following :
The function of management, which identifies and divides the work of the organization.


Distinguish Between the following:
Planning & organising.


Answer the following Question:
What do you understand by the term “Planning” and give its importance?


State with reasons whether the following statement is TRUE or FALSE.

Every action in the organization is initiated through directing.


State with reasons whether the following statement TRUE or FALSE.

Staffing is just to determine the number of people required in the organization.


State with reasons whether the following statement ias TRUE or FALSE :

organising is the process of defining and grouping the activities of the organization


Planning is beneficial to all. In light of this statement, discuss the importance of planning.


Write a short note on : Directing


State Whether the Following Statement Is True Or False (Give Reason).

The direction is always performance-oriented.


Answer the following question.
Vinber Ltd. set up a manufacturing unit at Bhiwadi in Himachal Pradesh to manufacture electric geysers and supply them to dealers all over the country. Their production target was 500 geysers per week. It was decided by the management that variation in production up to 10 units would be acceptable. At the end of the first week, the production was 450 geysers. The next week, production increased to 470 geysers. A week later, production was 460 geysers. On investigation, it was found that fluctuation in production was due to the irregular supply of electricity.

(a) The above para discusses some of the steps in the process of one of the functions of management. Explain these steps.
(b) Also, state the step(s) that have not been discussed in the above para.


Which is not a separate function of management out of the following?


Under which function of management, policies and strategies are formulated?


Which is not a function of Management of the following?


‘Arrangement of various resources for achieving Target, under which function of management is this performed ______.


Read the following text and answer the following question on the basis of the same:

Sana is the branch manager of ABC Handicrafts Pvt. Ltd. The company’s objective is to promote the sales of Indian handloom and handicraft products. It sells fabrics, furnishings, ready-mades and household items are made out of traditional Indian fabrics.

Sana decides quantities, variety, colour and texture of all the above items and then allocates resources for their purchase form different suppliers. She appoints a team of designers and crafts people in the company, who developed some prints for bed covers in bright colour on silk. Although the products looked very attractive and impressive, they were relatively expensive on the front of affordability for an average customer.

Sana suggested that they should keep the silk bed covers for special festive occasions and offer the cotton bed covers on a regular basis to keep costs under control.

“She appoints a team of designers and crafts people in the company, who developed some prints for bed covers in bright colour on silk.”
Which function of management is highlighted in this context?


Tarang Enterprises Limited is planning to increase its sales by 30% in the next quarter. Identify the feature of management being highlighted in the given statement.


______  is the primary function which runs through all other functions?


Which of the following is an objective of standardization?


Name the function of management which helps in the formulation of future plans, in the light of the problems that were identified and thus, helps in better planning in the future period.


Arrange the phases of Project Management Life Cycle in correct order.

  1. Design
  2. Marketing
  3. Analysis and evaluation 
  4. Inspection, testing and delivery

In order to make the 'Annual Day' of the school a successful event, the Headmistress of the school segregated all the activities into task groups each one dealing with a specific area. For instance, decorations, refreshments, backstage support, etc. Each group was put under the charge of one teacher. Identify the function of management performed by the Headmistress by dividing the activities and assigning the duties?


Read the following text and answer the questions given below:

Vinay was the Chief Operating Officer of 'Easy Solutions Ltd.', a company providing advanced software solutions to Indian Defence Services. They had been carrying on business successfully for the last twelve years and earning enough profits. But from the last one year, they realised that though the business is getting big orders which are being fulfilled on time, even then the revenues kept on decreasing. Vinay was not-able to find out where the problem was. He started keeping a close check on the progress of activities as he could sense that something was wrong. He wanted to take some action before any major damage could be done to the business. Vinay appointed a cyber security expert who monitored the company's processes and found out that the computer operator was deleting the entries from the computers and pocketing the revenues. He was caught and handed over to the police. This created an atmosphere of order and discipline in the organisation and helped in minimizing dishonest behaviour on the part of the employees.

Which management function proved helpful in creating an atmosphere of order and discipline in the organisation and helped in minimizing dishonest behaviour on the part of the employees?


Name the function of management which helps in the formulation of future plans, in the light of the problems that were identified and thus, helps in better planning in the future period.


Under which of the following function of management, employees are guided and inspired:


Which of the following functions of management helps in building customer's loyalty and in promoting its sale?


Asha is living in a small village in Rajasthan. Her mother has good culinary skills. Inspired by her mother she joined a course in 'Food and Beverages Production' in Jaipur. After completing her course she asked her mother to open a sweets shop in Jaipur, to which her mother agreed. The business was doing well and had started growing. To expand her business she felt the need for additional personnel. Instead of selecting personnel from any other source she thought of helping her relatives and appointed five of them. But after doing all their efforts she found that none of her relatives were providing satisfactory service leading to lower productivity. Also, the quality of the products started deteriorating.

This made Asha realize that the ability of an organisation to achieve its goals depends upon the quality of its human resources. This was ignored by her at the time of selecting the personnel for her expansion of the program.

  1. Identify and state the function of management which could have helped Asha at the time of fulfilling her need for additional personnel in the organisation.
  2. State any three benefits of the function identified in (a) above.

The Government of India in its budget for the financial year of 2021-22 reiterated its support for Electric Vehicle sector. The Government launched several schemes and incentives to boost their demand as well as to motivate manufacturers to invest in the same. Inspired by these incentives and concerned about the environmental impact of gas and diesel- powered engines, Nitin Kothari has set up an electric car manufacturing unit at Bhilwara, He set a target of earning Return on Investment of 10% in the first year itself and forecasted that the demand for electric cars will increase by 20 million in the next few years.

The above case highlights the first two steps of the process of one of the important functions of management.

  1. Identify the function of management discussed above.
  2. State the remaining steps required to complete the above process.

Directing is the heart of the management process. Give any four reasons to support this statement.


Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×