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Answer the Following Question. Differentiate Between Incomplete Dominance and Co-dominance. Substantiate Your Answer with One Example of Each. - Biology

Question

Answer in Brief
Distinguish Between

Answer the following question.
Differentiate between incomplete dominance and co-dominance. Substantiate your answer with one example of each.

Solution

Co-dominance is the phenomenon in which both the alleles of a contrasting character are expressed in the heterozygous condition. Both the alleles of a gene are equally dominant. ABO blood group in human beings is an example of co-dominance. The blood group character is controlled by three sets of alleles, namely 3 4. The alleles, AB I and I, are equally dominant and are said to be co-dominant as they are expressed in the AB blood group. Both these alleles do not interfere with the expression of each other and produce their respective antigens. Hence, the AB blood group is an example of co-dominance. 

Allele from Parent1 Allele from Parent2 Genotype of offspring Blood type of offspring
|A |A |A |A A
|A |B |A|B AB
|A i |Ai A
|B |A |A |B AB
|B |B |B |B B
|B i |B i B
i i i i O

Incomplete dominance is a phenomenon in which one allele shows incomplete dominance over the other member of the allelic pair for a character. For example, a monohybrid cross between the plants having red flowers and white flowers in Antirrhinum species will result in all pink flower plants in the F1 generation. The progeny obtained in F1 generation does not resemble either of the parents and exhibits intermediate characteristics. This is because the dominant allele, R, is partially dominant over the other allele, r. Therefore, the recessive allele, r, also gets expressed in the F1 generation resulting in the production of intermediate pink flowering progenies with Rr genotype. 

Concept: Inheritance of One Gene - Law of Segregation - Co-dominance
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