Answer the following question detail.
Which programmes were launched in India for making the opportunities of wage-earning?
Write the detailed answer.
For the purpose of providing employment opportunities in rural areas who has implemented what plans?
To create employment opportunities for an ever-increasing population is a major challenge for the government. There are several programmes launched by the government of India for the wage earners. These programmes are as follows:
- Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Yojana and 'Rojgar Hami Yojana':
To create job opportunities for educated youth the 'Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Government of India started this plan on 2nd October 1993 on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- Rojgar Hami Yojana:
Rojgar Hami Yojana was to assure daily wages to the unemployed agricultural labourers. The objective of this plan was to provide a wage-earning opportunity, who was in search. This programme was launched in 257 districts in India. A goal was to provide work to two young labourers in each family below the poverty line. In 2001, this plan was merged in Gramin Rojgar Yojana'.
- In 1998, to provide support to farmers in difficult times "Kisan Credit Card" plan was started. It helps the farmer to avail funds for essential equipments and seeds for cultivation. Later, an insurance facility was also offered to farmers, who were Kisan Credit Card holders.
- Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swayam Rojgar Yojana :
This plan was launched in 1999 by merging various plans together namely 'Ekatmik Gramin Vikas Yojana', Self-employment training programmes, "Ganga Kalyan Yojana' etc.
- Jawahar Gram Samruddhi Yojana :
In 1999, a new plan was implemented with an intention to provide adequate employment for the unemployed men and women. It was merged in Sampoorna Gramin Rojgar Yojana' in 2001.
- Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana :
This plan made provision for creating opportunities in rural areas of earning wages, to provide food grains in exchange of work etc. This scheme was started in 150 economically backward districts in the country. In 2006, this scheme was merged in Rashtriya Gramin Rojgar Hami Yojana'.
- Rashtriya Gramin Rojgar Hami Yojana: Under this scheme, each family in rural areas was given assurance of at least 100 days work.