Answer in Brief
Answer the following question.
Describe the construction and working of an optical fibre.
- An optical fibre consists of an extremely thin, transparent, and flexible core surrounded by an optically rarer flexible cover called cladding.
- For protection, the whole system is coated by a buffer and a jacket
- The entire thickness of the fibre is less than half an mm.
- Many such fibres can be packed together in an outer cover.
Construction of Optical fiber
- Working of optical fibre is based on the principle of total internal reflection.
- An optical signal (a ray of light) entering the core suffers multiple total internal reflections before emerging out after several kilometres.
- The optical signal travels with the highest possible speed in the material.
- The emerged optical signal has an extremely low loss in signal strength.
Working of Optical fibre
Concept: Total Internal Reflection
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