Answer in Brief
Answer the following in 150 to 200 words:
Describe the criteria of psychological disorders.
According to the present DSM-5, the five criteria for psychological disorders are:
- Clinically significant syndrome: In psychological disorders, there is a certain pattern of behavioural or psychological syndrome observed in an individual.
- Distress and Impairment: There is a presence of distress and/or impairment.
- Dysfunction: If the symptoms lead to an underlying psychological, biological or developmental dysfunction, it leads to the diagnosis of mental disorder.
- The response was given to stressors or losses and culturally relevant behaviour is not considered as a sign of mental disorder: A response that is normally given to common stressors and losses (e.g. sadness due to death of a loved one) or a culturally sanctioned response to a particular event (e.g. trance state in certain religious rituals) should not be considered as signs of mental disorder.
- Any behaviour which is deviant but does not produce dysfunction is not considered a sign of mental disorder: If behaviour is only deviant or conflicting with society but does not produce dysfunction or distress or disability, then it does not become a sign of the mental disorder. e.g. in certain societies, homosexuality is considered as abnormal behaviour. However, according to DSM 5, it is not considered as a sign of the disorder.
Concept: Criteria for Psychological Disorders
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