Answer the following.
How are they classified?
Classification of Amines:
i. Amines are classified as primary (1°), secondary (2°), and tertiary (3°) amines.
ii. Their structures are obtained in a simple way by replacing one, two, or three hydrogen atoms of NH3 molecule by alkyl/aryl groups.
iii. Secondary and tertiary amines are further classified as simple or symmetrical amines and mixed or unsymmetrical amines.
iv. When all the alkyl or aryl groups on nitrogen are the same, it is a simple amine. If these groups are different, then the amine is a mixed amine.
v. Amines are also divided into two major classes, namely, aliphatic and aromatic amines on the basis of the nature of the groups attached to the nitrogen atom.