Answer the following.
Explain various institutions protecting the rights of different sections in India.
The core values of good governance include administration being consensus-oriented based on principles of inclusiveness and equity as well as responsiveness to the needs of citizens.
The benefits of good governance must be available to all the sections of society. The constitution provides for socio-economic and political safeguards to certain disadvantaged sections of the society. Besides the safeguards, provided for them the government has created several commissions to safeguard the rights of different sections of the society. These include the following:
(i) National Commission for Scheduled Castes:
Deals with matters related to the safeguards provided in the constitution for the Scheduled Castes and inquire into specific complaints relating to deprivation of rights of the Scheduled Castes.
(ii)National Commission for Scheduled Tribes:
Deals with matters related to the safeguards provided in the constitution for the Scheduled Tribes and inquire into specific complaints relating to deprivation of rights of the Scheduled Tribes.
(iii)National Human Rights Commission:
It deals with protection of rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity guaranteed by the constitution.
(iv) National Commission for Women:
This was created to facilitate the redressal of grievances and accelerate the socio-economic development of women.
(v)National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights:
It seeks to protect, promote, and defend child rights in the country. The Commission defines a child as a person in the 0 to 18 years of age group.
(vi) National Commission for Backward Classes: The focus is on the welfare of socially and economically backward classes.
(vii) National Commission for Minorities:
It monitors the working of the safeguards for minorities provided in the Constitution and by-laws enacted by the Parliament and the State Legislatures. The National Commission for Minorities recognizes the following religious communities as minority communities: Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Buddhist, Parsis, and Jain.
(viii) National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission:
This provides for a consumer disputes redressal mechanism e.g., consumer courts are set up.