Answer in detail
Write an essay on the role played by the 19th century reformers towards the cause of Women.
- The position of women in India during the 19th century was miserable. They were not treated equal to men, and they were denied rights.
- The Social reformers of the 19th century played a significant role in bringing an awakening to the people that women’s participation will strengthen the society.
- The reformers strongly advocated education for women.
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy with the help of the Governor General of British, William Bentinck abolished Sati in 1829.
- He advocated the rights of widows to remarry and wanted polygamy to come to an end. He also raised voice against child marriage.
- Reformer Vidyasagar led a movement by which ‘Widows Remarriage Reform Act’ of 1856 was intended
- to improve the lot of child widows and save them perpetual widowhood.
- Reformer Jyothiba Phule opened Orphanages and homes for widows.
- Sikh Reform movement prohibited the dowry system and child marriage.
- Reformer Iyothee Thessar considered education as an important tool for empowerment for women and a driving force behind the establishment of several schools for the Untouchables in Tamil Nadu.
Concept: Introduction of Social and Religious Reform Movements in the 19th Century
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