Answer in detail: In the first and fifth stage of the demographic transition, population growth is almost nil. What is the difference between the two stages then? - Geography

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Answer in Brief

Answer in detail:

In the first and fifth stages of the demographic transition, population growth is almost nil. What is the difference between the two stages then?

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Solution

  • In stage 1, both birth rates and death rates are high. The difference between the two is much less, so the population is stable.
  • In stage 1, birth rates are high due to limited educational opportunities, people feel having many children is good. Therefore, families are big.
  • In stage 1, the death rate is high due to the lack of sanitation facilities, medical facilities, the spread of contagious diseases, malnutrition, etc.
  • In stage 5, birth rates and death rates are very low. Birth rates are almost equal to death rates.
  • As a result, the population growth is almost minimal or very low or even negative in the case of some countries.
  • In stage 5, the death rate is low because of improved medical facilities, eradication of contagious diseases, and a healthy environment.
  • In stage 5, the birth rate is low due to increased awareness among the people.
Concept: Population Growth and Explosion
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Chapter 1: Population : Part - 1 - Exercise Q.4 [Page 11]

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Balbharati Geography 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1 Population : Part - 1
Exercise Q.4 | Q 2 | Page 11
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