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Answer the Following Questions in Your Own Words. Write the Characteristics of the Plants Belonging to Division Bryophyta. - Science and Technology

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Answer in Brief

Answer the following questions in your own words. 

Write the characteristics of the plants belonging to division Bryophyta. 

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Solution

The characteristics of bryophytes are- 

  • They are the first plants to live on land, but require moist conditions to survive. For this reason they are called ‘the amphibians of plant kingdom’.
  • They are non-vascular, i.e., they do not have specialized vascular tissues (xylem and phloem) for the conduction of water and food.
  • They lack true roots, stem and leaves. But, they show more body differentiation than thallophytes.
  • They have rhizoids instead of true roots.
  • They do not bear flowers and seeds.
  • They reproduce both sexually as well as asexually.
  • Bryophytes exhibits 'alternation of generations' in which gametophytic phase (haploid) alternates with sporophytic phase (diploid).
  • Examples of bryophytes: Riccia, Marchantia, Funaria
Concept: Five Kingdom Classification - Kingdom Plantae
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Science and Technology 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 6 Classification of Plants
Exercise | Q 3.5 | Page 80

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