Answer the following question.
What is meant by neutralization? Give two examples from everyday life of the neutralization reaction.
A neutralization reaction is a reaction in which an acid and a base reacts to form water and a salt. It involves the combination of H+ ions and OH- ions to generate water.
The neutralization of a strong acid and strong base has a pH equal to 7.
The neutralization of a strong acid and weak base will have a pH of less than 7.
The neutralization of a strong base neutralizes a weak acid will be greater than 7.
HX + BOH → BX + H2O
Acid Base Salt Water
When a solution is neutralized, it means that salts are formed from equal weights of acid and base.
Neutralization reaction has application in daily life:
1)Self defence by animals and plants through chemical warfare :
Bee stings are acidic in nature, household remedy for a bee sting is baking soda or sodium bicarbonate, which is a basic substance.
A wasp stings are mildly basic, household remedy for this will be vinegar, also known as acetic acid.
These simple treatments ease these painful stings by a process called neutralization.
2)pH in our digestive system :
An acidic stomach due to eating too much spicy food, can be relieved by taking an antacid. The antacid is alkaline/basic in nature and helps to neutralize the stomach's acidity or you may take magnesium hydroxide(Milk of magnesia) and sodium hydrogen carbonate(Baking soda).
3) pH change as the cause of tooth decay :
When we eat food containing sugar, then bacteria present in our mouth break down the sugar to form acids(such as lactic acid). Thus acid is formed in the mouth after digestion. This will lead to the cause of tooth decay. The best way to prevent tooth decay is to clean the mouth after eation food with toothpaste, which is basic in nature. This will result in neutralization of acid by base.
4)soil pH and plant growth :
Most of the plants grow best when the pH of the soil is close to 7 that's neural. If the soil is too acidic or too basic(alkaline), the plants grow badly.
The acidic soil is neautralize by treatment with materials like quicklime(calcium oxide) or slaked lime(calcium hydroxide) or chalk(calcium carbonate).
If the soil is too basic, then alkalinity can be reduced by adding decaying organic matter(manure or composite)which contains acidic materials.