Answer the following question in one sentence.
Which demand was advocated by Barrister Jinnah ?
Barrister Jinnah put forth the two-nation theory and advocated the demand for a separate Muslim nation called Pakistan.
Elaboration: Prior to independence, The Indian National Congress was the single most important political entity in India. Pressurised by the various resistance movements occurring in India, the British Government had adopted a ‘divide-and-rule’ policy which led to the creation of the Muslim League, and this political division was solely based on religion. The Indian National Congress which was founded on the basis of secularism was initially opposed to the idea of gaining freedom with a partition on the basis of religion. Barrister Jinnah, backed by the Muslim League was of the opinion that the Indian National Congress being a solely Hindu organisation would ignore the needs and demands of the Muslims in the country and hence demanded a separate Muslim nation named Pakistan.