Answer the following question.
Explain the difference between acid and alkali.
|Nature of oxides||
metal oxides are generally alkaline in nature
non-metal oxides are basic in nature
|Arrhenius Definition||substance which when dissolved in water gives hydrogen ion||substance which when dissolved in water can accept hydrogen ions|
|Bronstead Lowry Definition||substance which donates a proton||substance which accepts a proton|
|Strength||depends on the concentration of the hydronium ions||depends on the concentration of the hydroxide ions|
|Dissociation||would release hydrogen ions (H+) when mixed with water||would release hydroxide ions(OH-) when mixed with water|
|pH value||less than 7.0||greater than 7.0|
|Litmus paper||blue litmus paper turns red||red litmus paper turns blue|
|Chemical Formula||has a chemical formula with H at the beginning of it. For example, HCl (Hydrochloric Acid). There is one exception to this rule, CH3COOH = Acetic Acid (vinegar)||has a chemical formula with OH at the end of it. For example, NaOH (Sodium Hydroxide)|
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Solution Answer the Following Question. Concept: Concept of Acid.