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Answer in 100-150 Words What Do the Terms “White” and “Black” Town Signify? - History

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Answer in 100-150 Words

What Do the Terms “White” and “Black” Town Signify?

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The British had white skin as they were often described ‘white’ and they considered themselves as superior to others. On the other hand, the blacks had brown or black skin. So they were known as the ‘black’. The White signified their superiority over the black due to the colour of their skin. The British symbolised the Black areas full of chaos and anarchy, filth and disease and on the other hand, the white areas stood for cleanliness and hygiene. In Black areas, epidemics like cholera and plague often broke out. So the British took stringent measures to ensure sanitation and public health to prevent diseases of the Black areas. They ensured underground piped water supply and introduced sewerage and drainage system in White areas. Thus, we can say, the White Towns were those parts of the colonial towns where the White people lived. These towns had wide roads, barracks, churches, paradeground, big bungalows and gardens, symbolised settled city life, whereas the Indian lived in Black Towns, were said to be unorganised and a source of filth and disease.

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NCERT Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History
Chapter 12 Colonial Cities: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
Exercise | Q 2 | Page 344
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