An ebonite rod is rubbed with fur. Explain the charging of the ebonite rod and the fur on the basis of electron movement.
An Ebonite rod is rubbed with fur.
Ebonite rod gains electrons and acquires negative charge while fur loses electrons and acquires positive charge.
Suppose an ebonite rod has 7 protons and 7 electrons and fur has 10 electrons and 10 protons.
On rubbing together, fur loses 2 electrons and ebonite rod gains 2 electrons. Now fur has 8 electrons and 10 protons which makes it positively charged. The ebonite rod has 9 electrons and 7 protons making it negatively charged.