'Alibi' Means a Plea by an Accused Person that He - Legal Reasoning


Choose the most appropriate option:

'alibi' means a plea by an accused person that he


  • was present elsewhere

  • remained in judicial custody.

  • underwent preventive detention.

  • was facing trial.



was present elsewhere


The plea of Alibi which means his presence elsewhere at the time of the crime. Hence option "was present elsewhere" is correct.

Concept: Study of Law (Entrance Exams)
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2015-2016 (May) Set 1


Direction : The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

In India the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is the apex food regulator. It is empowered by and functions under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. The FSSAI implements and enforces food regulations as prescribed in the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act). The FSS Act is an Act of Parliament, popularly known as the Food Act. Previous to the FSS Act there were a number of food legislations. All these have been consolidated into a homogenous whole in the FSS Act. The regulations of the FSS Act became effective in 2011 with FSSAI as its regulatory body. Though the Act continues to evolve it needs to be further harmonized with standards of international agencies for global parity.

New Draft Regulations have been formulated by FSSAI. Of special interest is Section 22 of the FSS Act, which deals with "Nutraceuticals, Functional Foods, Novel Foods and Health Supplements." For the first time regulations have been proposed for this category of foods. If these products propound nutritional or medicinal benefits they need to have sound scientific evidence. The products must not contain either steroids or psychotropic drugs. Ingredients like vitamins and minerals must conform to the recommended dietary allowances for Indians, as proposed by the Indian Council of Medical Research.

Organic and Traditional foods also do not require product approval as they are being consumed for centuries in India. The ingredients and preparation methods are well known and this guarantees their safety. If, however, traditional and organic foods use any new ingredients or food additive or new technologies in preparation, they need product approval.

Foods Imported into India have to follow the FSS Act, Rules & Regulations If the food articles are standardized, the importer only needs an FSSAI license to import them. The importer also needs to comply with FSSAI regulations for sale and distribution of the food products.

The existing process of product approval for the food articles governed under Section 22 of the FSS Act has been discontinued as updated on August 26, 2015 by FSSAI in response to the ruling by Honorable Supreme Court of India. The regulations on such food products are expected soon and the product approval may be reintroduced through a regulation.

These are exciting times for food safety regulations in India. The recent proposals mentioned in the new Draft Regulations will soon be finalized to become the new Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2015. They will provide new directives in areas such as nutraceuticals and health supplements, which is the need of the hour as these are becoming popular food categories. Standardization for thousands of foods is on the anvil. Food business operators are certainly anticipating some positive changes in food regulations, which could ease product approval process and food operations.

A harmonization of Indian food standards with global standards is a step in the right direction.

Suppose a food supplement is launched in the market claiming a breakthrough in the food habits and dietary pattern of a population suffering from stunting and wasting. So as per the passage what is the first requirement that a food supplement company has to fulfill?

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as principle and other as Fact. You are to exa.mine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.

PRINCIPLE: Preparation is not an offense except the preparation of some special offenses.

FACT: Ramesh keeps poisoned halua in his house, wishing to kill Binoy whom he invited to a party and to whom he wishes to give it Unknown to Ramesh. his only son takes the halua and dies. In this case.

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: Attempt to commit an offence enough does not result in any harm should also be punished

Reason: A person who tries to cause prohibited harm and fails, is, in terms of moral culpability, not materially different from the person who tries and succeeds.

Choose the most appropriate option:

'persona non grata' means-

This question consists of principles and facts. The principal may or may not be true in the real and legal sense, yet you have to conclusively assume them to be true for the purposes of this Section. In other words, in answering the question, you must not rely on any principle except the principle that is given hereinbelow for the question.  
Further, you must not assume any facts other than those stated in the question. The objective of this section is to test your interest in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability. 
Therefore, to answer a question, the principle is to be applied to the given facts and to choose the most appropriate option.

Principle: Under the Employees Compensation Act, 1923, an employer is liable to pay compensation to his workmen for injuries sustained by them by an accident arising out of and in the course of employment.

Facts: M, the Manager of SRK Industries asked his secretary S to submit a report at the Government Labour Office. ‘S’ submitted the report as directed. On his way back S met one of his classmates. He then decided to have a cup of tea together at a wayside restaurant. Sometime later, ‘S’ got a message from his office to report back as it was a long time since he left the office. ‘S’ rushed back on his Motor Cycle. On his way back a Truck that was coming from a side road hit ‘S’. H e was admitted to a nearby hospital with multiple injuries. He claims compensation under the Employees Compensation Act from his employer.

Legal phrase is followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Turpis arbiter’ means:

Legal phrase is followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

Bona vacantia

Legal phrase is followed by four meanings. Choose the most appropriate option:

'Jus Gentium’ means:

Mark the best option:
Who is a consumer under the Consumer Protection Act?

Mark the best option:
‘Res Judicata’ is a term used to describe -

Mark the best option:
Which one is not a qualification for appointment as a High Court Judge?

Trade mark

In ‘quid-pro-quo’, quo stands for

The payment of wages Act is applicable to _________

In the case of industrial or other establishments, person responsibility of __________ shall be liable for the payment of the wage to employees employed by him.

As per Payment of Wages Act, the wages must be paid on _______________ day

Time Of Payment Of Wages is covered under section ____ of Payment of Wages Act

The correct sequence in ascending order of their creation of the following international institution is:

  1. WTO
  2. GATT
  4. NAFTA

The following question consists of two statements, one labelled as. 'Assertion' and the other as 'Reason'. Read both the statements carefully and answer using the codes given below.

Assertion (A): International law is not law at all.

Reason (R): International law has no judicial system to enforce the law by applying sanctions.

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R). You have to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: Every person should have the freedom of speech and expression.

Reason: If a person is stopped from speaking then mankind will lose the truth.


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