SSC (Marathi Semi-English) 10thMaharashtra State Board
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# A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 54 km and then travels a distance of 63 km at an average speed of 6 km/h more than the first speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is its first speed? - SSC (Marathi Semi-English) 10th - Algebra

ConceptAlgebraic Methods of Solving a Pair of Linear Equations Cross - Multiplication Method

#### Question

A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 54 km and then travels a distance of 63 km at an average speed of 6 km/h more than the first speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is its first speed?

#### Solution

Let x be the first speed of the train.

We know that t=3 hours Thus,we have,

54/x+63/(x+6)=3 hours

54(x+6)+63x/(x(x+6))=3

54(x+6)+63x=3(x(x+6))

54x+324+63x=3x^2+18x

117x+324=3x^2+18x

3x^2-117x-324+18x=0

3x^2-99x-324=0

x^3-33x-108=0

x(x-36)+3(x-36)=0

(x+3)(x-36)=0

(x+3)=0 or (x-36)=0

x=-3 " or " x=36

Speed cannot be negative and hence intial speed of the train is 36 km/hour.

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#### APPEARS IN

Solution A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 54 km and then travels a distance of 63 km at an average speed of 6 km/h more than the first speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is its first speed? Concept: Algebraic Methods of Solving a Pair of Linear Equations - Cross - Multiplication Method.
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