Actus Rtus Means - Legal Reasoning


Actus rtus means


  • Wrongful act

  • Lawful act

  • Unlawful act

  • The act that is justified



Wrongful act

Concept: Criminal Law
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Homicide means killing of a human being by

Unlawful homicide includes

Extortion is almost equal to the offence of

Theft is defined only for

If the things removed temporarily with dishonest intention amount to

Which of the following is not a feature of the criminal justice system in India?

Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 does not provide that

'Death sentence' in Criminal punishment system in India is

Assertion (A) X, because of unsound state of mind and not knowing the nature of the act, attacks Y, who in self-defense and in order to ward off the attack hits him thereby injuring him .Y has not committed an offence.

Reason (R) Y had a right of private defense against X under the Indian Penal Code.

LEGAL PRINCIPLE The state shall -make special laws for the upliftment of citizens of the country. and these laws can be made for the benefit of any specific caste, class or sex of people living in the society.

FACTUAL SITUATION The State of Hindu Pradesh comes out with a law, which provided for reservation to Muslims in all government and government-aided institutions. This law is challenged in the High Court of Hindu Pradesh, as being arbitrary and contrary to the established laws. Can the challenge be successful?

LEGAL PRINCIPLE Whoever delivers to another person as genuine any counterfeit currency which he knows to be counterfeit, but which that other person is not aware of at the time when he received it, is guilty of counterfeiting currency.

FACTUAL SITUATION While returning home one day, Roshni realises that the local shopkeeper has given her a fake note of ₹1000. Disappointed, she goes to the same shop and buys cosmetics worth ₹600. She then passes the same fake note to the shopkeeper. The shopkeeper while inspecting the note finds out that it is fake. Is Roshni guilty?

LEGAL PRINCIPLE Whoever dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use any movable property is guilty of criminal misappropriation of property.

FACTUAL SITUATION A finds a Government promissory note belonging to Z, bearing a blank endorsement. A knowing that the note belongs to Z, pledges it with a banker as a security for a loan, intending to restore it to Z at a future time. Has A committed criminal misappropriation?

The question consists of legal propositions/ principles (hereinafter referred to as 'principle') and facts. These principles have to be applied to the given facts to arrive at the most reasonable conclusion.

Principle: Existence of all the alleged facts is relevant whether they occurred at the same time and place or at different times and places.

Facts: A, a permanent resident in a foreign country who never visited India, is accused of waging war against the Government of India by taking part in an armed insurrection in which property is destroyed, troops are attacked and prisons are broken open.

The question consists of legal propositions/ principles (hereinafter referred to as 'principle') and facts. These principles have to be applied to the given facts to arrive at the most reasonable conclusion.

Principle: Whoever desires any court to give judgment about any legal right or liability which depends on the existence of those facts which he asserts, must prove that those facts exist.

Facts: A asserts that B, C and D have committed an offense of criminal conspiracy and therefore A desires a Court to give judgment that B, C and D shall be punished for that crime which A says B, C and D have committed.

Given below is a statement of legal principle followed by a factual situation. Apply the principle to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

LEGAL PRINCIPLE: False imprisonment is the confinement of a person without just cause or excuse. There must be a total restraint of the person and the onus of proving reasonable cause is on the defendant.

FACTUAL SITUATION: A entered in B’s park where there was an artificial lake for the boating. A paid ₹100 for entering the park and has to pay ₹100 at the time of exit. A waited for 30 minutes but no boat was available. A came out, however, denied to pay ₹100 for exit, B did not allow A to leave the park unless he paid ₹100 for exit. A sued B for false imprisonment. DECISION:

Which of the following is correct for the purpose of criminal deception?

The Supreme Court has said that FIR in respect heinous and serious offenses cannot be quashed solely on the ground that the dispute was settled amicably between the parties. Which of the following were included in the list of “heinous and serious offenses”?

I. Offenses under Prevention of Corruption Act
II. Some Offences under Arms Act
III. Rape
IV. Offenses by public servants in their official capacity


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