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Account for the Following: O-nitrophenol is More Steam Volatile than P-nitrophenol. - Chemistry

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Short Note

Account for the following:
o-nitrophenol is more steam volatile than p-nitrophenol.

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Solution

Incase of o-nitrophenol Intramolecular hydrogen bonding is there which is weaker than intermolecular hydrogen bonding in p-nitrophenol. Hence o-nitrophenol is steam volatile.

Concept: Chemical Reactions of Alcohols and Phenols - Reactions Involving Cleavage of O–H Bond
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