Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Account for the following : Ozone is thermodynamically unstable - Chemistry

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Account for the following :

Ozone is thermodynamically unstable.

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Solution

Ozone decomposes into O2 with the evolution of heat, i.e. ΔH is negative (exothermic).

`O_3->O_2+O" "DeltaH="negative"`

Since the decomposition of O3 increases the number and freedom of particles, entropy also increases.

`therefore DeltaS="positive"`

Now, ΔG = ΔH − TΔS

Both −∆H  and`-TDeltaS` (since ∆S is positive) result into large negative ∆G. Hence, O3 becomes thermodynamically unstable and decomposes into oxygen easily.

Concept: P - Block Group 16 Elements - Ozone
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