Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
Advertisement Remove all ads

Account for the Following: Mn Shows the Highest Oxidation State of +7 with Oxygen but with Fluorine, It Shows Oxidation State of +4. - Chemistry

Account for the following:

Mn shows the highest oxidation state of +7 with oxygen but with fluorine, it shows oxidation state of +4.

Give reasons:

Mn shows the highest oxidation state of +7 with oxygen but with fluorine, it shows the highest oxidation state of +4.

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution 1

In case of oxygen, Mn shows the highest oxidation state of +7. This is because Mn forms pπ–dπ multiple bonds using 2p orbitals of oxygen and 3d orbitals of Mn. With F, Mn displays an oxidation state of +4 because of the single bond formation caused by the unavailability of 2p orbitals in F for multiple bonding.

Solution 2

Mn shows the highest oxidation state of +7 with oxygen because it can form ppi−dpi multiple bonds using 2p orbital of oxygen and 3d orbital of Mn. On the other hand, Mn shows the highest oxidation state of +4 with flourine because it can form single bond only.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×