According to this Passage, Which Factor Or Factors Determine Equilibrium? - Logical Reasoning

Advertisements
Advertisements
MCQ

Read the following information and answer the question that follows.

"Perhaps the earliest work of Archimedes that we have is that on 'Plane Equilibrium'. In this, some fundamental principles of mechanics are set forth as rigorous geometric propositions. The work opens with famous postulate 'Equal weights at equal distances are in equilibrium; equal weights at unequal distances are not in equilibrium, but incline toward the weight at the greater distance".

According to this passage, which factor or factors determine equilibrium?

Options

  • weight

  • distance

  • weight & distance

  • equality of weights & distances

Advertisements

Solution

equality of weights & distances

Explanation:

The passage says ‘Equal weights at equal distances are in equilibrium.

Concept: Critical Reasoning (Entrance Exam)
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

RELATED QUESTIONS

Read the following information and answer the questions that follows:

That the human soul is immaterial is an undisputed fact. Significantly, what is not matter is not spatial and consequently, it is not vulnerable to motion. Evidently, no motion no dissolution. What escapes from dissolution is also free from corruptibility. Therefore, the human soul is immortal. In this argument, which one of the following, if true, affects seriously the argument presented above?


The question in this section is based on the reasoning contained in brief statement or passages. For the question, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answer the question. You should not make assumptions that are by common sense standards implausible, superfluous or incompatible with the passage.

Psychologist: It is well known that becoming angry often induces temporary incidents of high blood pressure. A recent study further showed, however, that people who are easily angered are significantly more likely to have a permanently high blood pressure than are people who have more tranquil personalities. Coupled with the long established fact that those with permanently high blood pressure are especially likely to have heart disease, the recent findings indicate that heart disease can result from psychological factors. Which one of the following would, if true, most weaken the psychologist's argument?


The question in this section is based on the reasoning contained in brief statement or passages. For the question, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answer the question. You should not make assumptions that are by common sense standards implausible, superfluous or incompatible with the passage.

A professor of business placed a case-study assignment for her class on her university's computer network. She later found out that instead of reading the assignment on the computer screen, 50 out of the 70 students printed it out on paper. Thus, it is not the case that books delivered via computer will make printed books obsolete. Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?


From among the alternatives identify the statement which states the same fact as the statement 'The dual nature of light is an enigma


If it is true that ' good governance ensures law and order", then identify the statement which has to be accepted along with the given statement.


It is argued that prosperity depends upon production which means more production more consumption. However, it is not the case. Consumption should be need-based. Just as the intake of food in excess of digestion is pointless so also the consumption of natural resources beyond requirement is pointless.
Which of the following statements, if true, contradicts the spirit of the passage?


Literature is the mirror in which the society can see itself. The above statement implies that


Yoga has become a very popular type of exercise, but it may not be for everyone. Before you sign yourself up for a yoga class, you need to examine what is it you want from your fitness routine. If you're looking for a high-energy. fastpaced aerobic workout, a yoga class might not be your best choice. This paragraph best supports the statement that


Which one of the following, even if true, can be empirically tested?


Henry Poincare argued that in space there are not only rectilinear triangles in which angles equal to two right angles, but also curvilinear triangles in which angles are less than two right angles. He, further, maintained that to name the first on straight is to subscribe to Euclidean geometry and to name the latter straight is tantamount to subscribing to non-Euclidean system.

Which one of the following accurately represents what is at stake?


The question is followed by two statements, I and II. Answer the following question using the instructions

In a cricket match, the 'man of the match' award is given to the player scoring the highest number of runs. In case of a tie,  the player (out of those locked in the tie) who has taken the higher number of catches is chosen. Even thereafter, if there is a tie, the player (out of those locked in the tie) who has dropped fewer catches is selected. Aakash, Biplab and  Chirag who were contenders for the award dropped at least one catch each. Biplab dropped 2 catches more than Aakash did, scored 50, and took 2 catches. Chirag got two chances to catch and dropped both. Who was the 'man of the match' 

I. Chirag made 15 runs less than both Aakash and Biplab.   
II. The catches dropped by Biplab are 1 more than the catches taken by Aakash.


The question is followed by two statements, I and II. Answer the following question using the instructions

Four friends, A, B, C and D got the top four ranks in a  competitive examination, but A did not get the first, B did  not get the second, C did not get the third, and D did not get  the fourth rank. Who secured which rank?   
I. Neither A nor D were among the first 2  
II. Neither B nor C was third or fourth.


At birth we have no self-image. We cannot distinguish anything from the confusion of light and sound around us.  From this beginning of no-dimension, we gradually begin to differentiate our body from our environment and develop a sense of identity, with the realization that we are a separate and independent human being. We then begin to develop a  conscience, the sense of right and wrong. Further, we develop social consciousness, where we become aware that we live with other people. Finally, we develop a sense of values,  which is our overall estimation of our worth in the world.  Which one of the following would be the best completion of this passage?


Read the question below very carefully and choose the correct answer.
On an island ‘Neverland’ the inhabitants always answer any question with two sentences – one of which is always true and the other always false.   
Perhaps due to this peculiar habit, there’s been a high rate of suicides on the island. As a doctor, you have to identify potentially suicidal people and counsel them. You know that all people who are suicidal feel that life is futile. On questioning three  inhabitants, these are the answers you get:   
Anuj: Himanshu is suicidal. I am not suicidal   
Himanshu: I do not want to die. Akshay does not want to die   
Akshay: Life is futile. I am suicidal.

Which one of them is lying about another person’s tendencies


Read the question below very carefully and choose the correct answer.
Going around the village, you come across three people. One of them is a dentist, one is a barrister and one is professor. You want to know who is who. 

Peter: I am not a professor. Shina is not a professor.

Matt: Peter is not a barrister. Shina is a professor.

Shina: Peter is not a dentist. I am not a professor.

Which of the following is true? 


Read the question below very carefully and choose the correct answer.

Further, you come across three women, one of whom is an excellent singer, you start questioning them when you notice that Minaxi is wearing a flower in her hair.   
Madhuri: I am not a singer. The singer wears a flower in her hair.   
Minaxi: I am a singer. The singer is amongst us.   
Jaya: Madhuri is the singer. Minaxi is not the singer.   

Who is the singer? 


Read the question below very carefully and choose the correct answer.

You want to expand your horizons and decide to go to the village of “Where is Who” which is deep inside the island.  You come to the border of “Kya Kya” and see a road sign.  One leads to left and the other right. there are no other roads. You ask the inhabitants.   
Maroof: I do not speak to strangers. I am new to these  parts  
Nafish: Take road to the right. I am married to Ayesha.   
Ayesha: I am not Nafish’s wife. Maroof is not new to these parts.   

Which one of the following is true?


Given below is a passage followed by several inferences, You have to examine the inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 

In a proposal to Government of Xovia, Association of Xovian Industry (AXI) has suggested a series of short and long-term initiatives to help the states to cope up with the specter of drought in the country, particularly in the North. It has come out with a paper on ‘How to tackle drought’ and recommended the cultivation of selected crops such as short-duration paddy and irrigated dry crops in the focus areas besides subsidization of their seeds by 50%. Other short-term measures include a food-for-work program with the investment of relevant departments and rural bodies, the setting up of a task force headed by top government officials to monitor the drought relief program, the scrapping of schemes that facilitates subsidized power supply to irrigation pump set the connection in water-scarce blocks to ensure power supply for drinking water schemes and ban on the export of fodder. In fact, fodder should be mobilized from all sources and cattle sheds should be opened wherever needed, Employment affirmation program should be launched with central assistance. If possible, interest on loans taken by farmers should be waived besides converting the short-term loans into long-term ones, It is necessary to work out a way to take over the loans taken from primitive money lenders or reschedule them. Coming to long-term steps, the AXI paper says new water resources be explored besides building water supply projects and creating rainwater storage facilities. Dryland cultivation ought to be promoted apart from popularizing water-saving irrigation technologies.

During the drought, a bailout package should be given to the farmers.


Given below is a passage followed by several inferences, You have to examine the inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 

In a proposal to Government of Xovia, Association of Xovian Industry (AXI) has suggested a series of short and long-term initiatives to help the states to cope up with the specter of drought in the country, particularly in the North. It has come out with a paper on ‘How to tackle drought’ and recommended the cultivation of selected crops such as short-duration paddy and irrigated dry crops in the focus areas besides subsidization of their seeds by 50%. Other short-term measures include a food-for-work program with the investment of relevant departments and rural bodies, the setting up of a task force headed by top government officials to monitor the drought relief program, the scrapping of schemes that facilitates subsidized power supply to irrigation pump set the connection in water-scarce blocks to ensure power supply for drinking water schemes and ban on the export of fodder. In fact, fodder should be mobilized from all sources and cattle sheds should be opened wherever needed, Employment affirmation program should be launched with central assistance. If possible, interest on loans taken by farmers should be waived besides converting the short-term loans into long-term ones, It is necessary to work out a way to take over the loans taken from primitive money lenders or reschedule them. Coming to long-term steps, the AXI paper says new water resources be explored besides building water supply projects and creating rainwater storage facilities. Dryland cultivation ought to be promoted apart from popularizing water-saving irrigation technologies.

We should work out a long-term and permanent strategy to tackle frequent drought situations.


Read the following short passages and choose the best answers to the questions following the passage.

The average amount of overtime per month worked by an employee in the design division of the Diva Corporation is 18 hours. Most employees of Diva Corporation work in the design division. Furthermore, the average amount of overtime per month per employee in the company generally does not fluctuate much from month to month. Therefore, each month, most employees of the Diva Corp. almost certainly work at least some overtime.

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which of the following grounds?


Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×