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ABC is a right triangle right-angled at C. Let BC = a, CA = b, AB = c and let p be the length of perpendicular from C on AB, prove that - Mathematics

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Sum

ABC is a right triangle right-angled at C. Let BC = a, CA = b, AB = c and let p be the length of perpendicular from C on AB, prove that

(i) cp = ab

`(ii) 1/p^2=1/a^2+1/b^2`

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Solution

(i) Let CD ⊥ AB. Then, CD = p

AB=c,BC=a,AC=b and CD=p

Area of `triangle ABC=1/2ABxxCD=1/2xxcxxp=1/2cp `

Also,

Area of `triangle ABC=1/2BCxxAC=1/2xxaxxb=1/2ab `

`∴ \frac { 1 }{ 2 } cp = \frac { 1 }{ 2 } ab`

⇒ cp = ab

(ii) Since ∆ABC is right triangle right-angled at C.

`∴ AB^2 = BC^2 + AC^2`

`⇒ c^2 = a^2 + b^2`

`=>((ab)/p)^2=a^2+b^2`

`=>(a^2b^2)/p^2=a^2+b^2`

`=>1/p^2=(a^2+b^2)/(a^2b^2)=>1/p^2=1/b^2+1/a^2`

`=>1/p^2=1/a^2+1/b^2`

Concept: Right-angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property
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