Karnataka Board PUCPUC Science Class 11

A Uniform Plate of Mass M Stays Horizontally and Symmetrically on Two Wheels Rotating in Opposite Direction in Figure . - Physics


A uniform plate of mass M stays horizontally and symmetrically on two wheels rotating in opposite direction in Figure . The separation between the wheels is L. The friction coefficient between each wheel and the plate is μ. Find the time period of oscillation of the plate if it is slightly displaced along its length and released.



Let x be the displacement of the uniform plate towards left.
Therefore, the centre of gravity will also be displaced through displacement x.
At the displaced position,
R1 + R2 = mg
Taking moment about g, we get:

\[R_1 \left( \frac{L}{2} - x \right) =  R_2 \left( \frac{L}{2} + x \right) = \left( Mg - R_1 \right)  \left( \frac{L}{2} + x \right)               .  .  .  . \left( 1 \right)\] 

\[ \therefore    R_1 \left( \frac{L}{2} - x \right) = \left( Mg - R_1 \right)  \left( \frac{L}{2} + x \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow  R_1 \frac{L}{2} -  R_1 x = Mg\frac{L}{2} -  R_1 x + Mgx -  R_1 \frac{L}{2}\] 

\[ \Rightarrow  R_1 \frac{L}{2} +  R_1 \frac{L}{2} = Mg\left( x + \frac{L}{2} \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow  R_1 \left( \frac{L}{2} + \frac{L}{2} \right) = Mg\left( \frac{2x + L}{2} \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow  R_1 L = Mg\left( 2x + L \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow  R_1  = Mg\frac{\left( L + 2x \right)}{2L}\] 

\[\text { Now }, \] 

\[   F_1  = \mu R_1  = \mu Mg\frac{\left( L + 2x \right)}{2L}\] 

\[\text { Similarly },   \] 

\[ F_2  = \mu R_2  = \mu Mg\frac{\left( L - 2x \right)}{2L}\] 

\[\text { As }  F_1  >  F_2 ,   \text { we  can  write: }\] 

\[ F_1  -  F_2  = Ma = \left( 2\mu\frac{Mg}{L} \right)x\] 

\[      \frac{a}{x} = 2\mu\frac{g}{L} =  \omega^2 \] 

\[ \Rightarrow \omega = \sqrt{\frac{2\mu g}{L}}\] 

\[\text { Time  period }\left( T \right)\text{  is  given  by }, \] 

\[T = 2\pi\sqrt{\frac{L}{2\mu g}}\]

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Chapter 12: Simple Harmonics Motion - Exercise [Page 254]


HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 1
Chapter 12 Simple Harmonics Motion
Exercise | Q 31 | Page 254

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