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A Two-digit Number is 3 More than 4 Times the Sum of Its Digits. If 8 is Added to the Number, the Digits Are Reversed. Find the Number. - Mathematics

Definition

A two-digit number is 3 more than 4 times the sum of its digits. If 8 is added to the number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

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Solution

Let the digits at units and tens place of the given number be x and y respectively. Thus, the number is ` 10y + x`.

The number is 3 more than 4 times the sum of the two digits. Thus, we have

` 10 y + x = 4(x +y)+ 3`

` ⇒ 10 y + x = 4x + 4y + 3`

` ⇒ 4x + 4y -10y -x =-3`

` ⇒ 3x - 6y = -3`

` ⇒ 3 ( x - 2 y)= -3`

` ⇒ x - 2y = -3/3`

` ⇒ x - 2y = -1`

After interchanging the digits, the number becomes `10 x + y.`.

If 18 is added to the number, the digits are reversed. Thus, we have

` ( 10 y + x )+ 18 = 10x + y`

` ⇒ 10x + y -10y -x =18`

` ⇒ 9x -9y = 18`

` ⇒ 9( x - y)=18`

` ⇒ x -y = 18 /9`

` ⇒ x - y =2`

So, we have the systems of equations

` x - 2y =-1`

` x - y =2`

Here x and y are unknowns. We have to solve the above systems of equations for xand y.

Subtracting the first equation from the second, we have

` ( x - y)-(x - 2y )=2 -(-1)`

` ⇒ x - y -x + 2y =3`

` ⇒ y = 3`

Substituting the value of in the first equation, we have

` x - 2xx3 =-1`

`⇒ x - 6 = -1 `

` ⇒ x = -1+6`

` ⇒ x = 5`

Hence, the number is ` 10 xx3 + 5 = 35`

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 3 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Exercise 3.7 | Q 9 | Page 86
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