Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 11
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A Steel Tube of Length 1.00 M is Struck at One End. a Person with His Ear Closed to the Other End Hears the Sound of the Blow Twice, - Physics


A steel tube of length 1.00 m is struck at one end. A person with his ear closed to the other end hears the sound of the blow twice, one travelling through the body of the tube and the other through the air in the tube. Find the time gap between the two hearings. Use the table in the text for speeds of sound in various substances.

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Velocity of sound in air = 330 m/s
Velocity of sound through the steel tube vs = 5200 m/s
Here, Length of the steel tube S = 1 m
As we know,

\[t = \frac{S}{v}\]

\[t_1  = \frac{1}{330}\] and \[t_2  = \frac{1}{5200}\]

Where, t1 is the time taken by the sound in air.
            t2 is the time taken by the sound in steel tube.

\[\text { Required  time  gap } t =  t_1  -  t_2\] 

\[ \Rightarrow t = \left( \frac{1}{330} - \frac{1}{5200} \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow t =   2 . 75 \times  {10}^{- 3}   s\] 

\[ \Rightarrow t =   2 . 75  \text { ms }\]

Hence, the time gap between two hearings is 2.75 ms.

Concept: Wave Motion
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HC Verma Class 11, 12 Concepts of Physics 1
Chapter 16 Sound Waves
Q 1 | Page 352
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