A sphere of diameter 12 cm, is dropped in a right circular cylindrical vessel, partly filled with water. If the sphere is completely submerged in water, the water level in the cylindrical vessel rises by 3 `5/9` cm. Find the diameter of the cylindrical vessel.
Radius of sphere = r = 6 cm
Volume of sphere = `4/3pir^3=4/3pixx(6)^3 = 288pi ""cm^3`
Let R be the radius of cylindrical vessel.
Reise in the water level of cylindrical vessel = `h=3 5/9 "cm" = 32/9 "cm"`
Increase in volume of cylindrical vessel = `piR^2h=piR^2xx32/9=32/9piR^2`
Now, volume of water displaced by the sphere is equal to volume of sphere.
∴ R = 9 cm
∴ Diameter of the cylindrical vessel 2xR = 2x9 =18 cm