A shot is fired with a bullet with an initial velocity of 20 m/s from a point 10 m infront of a vertical wall 5 m high.
Find the angle of projection with the horizontal to enable the shot to just clear the wall. Also find the range of the shot where the bullet falls on the ground.
Given : u=20 m/s
Distance from wall=10m
Height of wall=5m
To find :Angle of projection
Range of shot
Let α be the angle of projection of projectile
Equation of projectile is given by:
y=xtanα - `(gx^2)/(2u^2) sec^2α`
(10,5) are the co-ordinates of top of wall when O is taken as origin
Substituting x=10 and y=5 in the projectile equation 5=10tanα-`(g10^2)/(2 xx 20^2)sec^2α`
1.2262tan2 α-10tan α+6.2262=0
Solving the quadratic equation
tan α=7.4758 or tan α=0.6792
Range of a projectile is given by R = `(u^2sin2alpha)/g`
Substituting α=82.381° or α=34.184°
`R=(20^2sin(2 xx 34.184)0)/9.81`
Angle of projectile should be 82.381° or 34.184° and the corresponding ranges will be 10.7161 m and 37.902 m respectively.