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A Ruined Structure Found at Aizawl, India, Was Probably a Church, as Indicated in Its Eastward Orientation and by Its Overall Plan, as Well as Artifacts, Such as Glass-oil Lamp - English Language

Question

MCQ

The following question has a sentence, part or all of which is underlined. Four sentences are given in the options. Choose the sentence which is correct grammatically. Make sure the sentence is clear, exact and free from redundancy, ambiguity, and awkwardness.
A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

Options

  • A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

  • A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

  • A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the 

  • That a ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

Solution

The sentence explains why a currently ruined structure probably used to be a church.

  1. A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as - The sentence makes the relationship between ‘as well as..’ and the rest of the sentence unclear.
  2. A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and - The subject (structure) here is completed by the verb (was indicated). This creates the illogical assertion that the structure itself was indicated by its orientation, plan and attendant artefacts, rather than its probable identity.
  3. A ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the - The only reasonable subject for the singular verb (indicates) is the plural “orientation…plan, as well as the artefacts.” Thus, this makes sentence grammatically incorrect and illogical.
  4. That a ruined structure found at Aizawl, India, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the - It makes the sentence grammatically correct while making it clear, exact and free from redundancy, ambiguity and awkwardness.
    Therefore, This is the appropriate answer.
Concept: Incorrect/Correct Sentences (Entrance Exams)
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