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# A Rectangular Loop of Wire of Size 4 Cm × 10 Cm Carries a Steady Current of 2 A. a Straight Long Wire Carrying 5 a Current is Kept Near the Loop as Shown. If the Loop and the Wire Are Coplanar, Find - Physics

#### Question

A rectangular loop of wire of size 4 cm × 10 cm carries a steady current of 2 A. A straight long wire carrying 5 A current is kept near the loop as shown. If the loop and the wire are coplanar, find

(i) the torque acting on the loop and

(ii) the magnitude and direction of the force on the loop due to the current carrying wire.

#### Solution

(1) vectau = vecM xx vec B = MBsintheta

Here M and B have the same direction

θ = 0°

|vectau| = MB sintheta = 0

(2) We know vecF_B = ivecl xx vecB

On line AB, and CD magnetic forces are equal and opposite. So they cancel out each other. Magnetic force on line AD.

vecF = ivecl xx vecB      [Attractive]

= ilB                    [(I = 10cm),(= 0.1cm):]

because B =( mu_0I)/(2pir)

|vecF| = (mui Il)/(2pir)       (Attractive)

Magnetic force on line CB.

vecF - ivecl xx vecB [Repulsive]

=> F= |vecF| = il B'

because B' = (mu_0I)/(2pir')

 F = (mu_0iIl)/(2pir')   (Repulsive)

So, net force

F_n = F - F'

= (mu_0iIl)/(2pir)   [1/r -1/(r')]

Given i = 5A

I = 2 A

= 1 cm = 0.01 m

r′ = (1 + 4) cm = 5 cm

= 0.05 m

= 10 cm = 0.1 m

Plugging in the values in above equation

F_n = (2 xx 10^-7) (5)(2)(0.1)[1/0.01 - 1/0.05]

= 2 xx 10 xx 10^-7 xx 10 [1/1 - 1/5]

 = 200 xx 10^-7 [(5-1)/5]

= 200 xx 10^-7 xx 4/5

=160 xx 10^-7 N

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#### APPEARS IN

Solution A Rectangular Loop of Wire of Size 4 Cm × 10 Cm Carries a Steady Current of 2 A. a Straight Long Wire Carrying 5 a Current is Kept Near the Loop as Shown. If the Loop and the Wire Are Coplanar, Find Concept: Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole - Torque on a Rectangular Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field.
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