(A) Read the Passage Given Below. Substitute ‘Used To’ with ‘Would’ Wherever Appropriate So that the Passage Reads Better - English - Communicative

Short Note

Used to and Would
(A) Read the passage given below. Substitute ‘used to’ with ‘would’ wherever appropriate so that the passage reads better.

When I was a student, I used to visit the library frequently. The librarian was a kind man and he used to help me select my books. There used to be a small tea shop near the library. After spending a few hours in the reading room of the library, 1 used to go to this tea shop to meet my friends. There used to be an old waiter who kept a corner table reserved for us.

Could you replace ‘used to’ with ‘would’ in every instance?
No. This is because they are used differently.

Read the passage again and complete the sentences below.

1. ‘used to’ is used to describe _______ in the present as well as situations that existed in the past.
2. ‘would’ is used to describe only _______ in the past.

(B) Think of the days when you were eight years old. Write down four or five things you would do or used to do or be. Make sentences like those in the box. Share your experiences with your partner.




  1. ‘used to ‘is used to describe a habitual action done in the past but not (necessarily) continued in the present.
  2. ‘would’ is used to describe only a habitual action in the past not necessarily discontinued afterwards.


When was eight years old, used to play with toys. My grandfather would give me these toys. My younger brother, who was four years old, used to break the toys. would complain to my grandfather about him. My parents used to encourage me for devoting more time to study.

Concept: Writing and Grammar
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Chapter 1.1: Verb Forms - Exercises [Page 13]


CBSE Class 9 English Communicative - Workbook Interact in English
Chapter 1.1 Verb Forms
Exercises | Q 14 | Page 13


Complete the following sentences about the poem.

  1. In the first stanza, the poet refers to four pieces of evidence: large shoes, a long bed, the Bible, fields cluttered with boulders and a leaky barn. This leads the poet to conclude that ‘the man of the house’ was ________________
  2. I think that the child was probably about six years old because_____________ .
  3. The poet suggests that a woman lived in the farmhouse because______________ .
  4. The family probably left the farmhouse because____________________________ .

Answer the following question briefly.

Do you think the punishment given to the convict was justified? Why/ Why not?
Why is the convict eager to reach Paris?

Imagine that you are on an uninhabited island with a group of children of your age. In groups of four, discuss and enumerate the strategies that will be adopted by you to survive. You can think on the following lines : 

food  protection against animals 
shelter  life-skills (problem-solving, decision-making) 
means of escape  protection against harsh weather conditions 

Suppose you are on a ship, far out into sea. Something happens, and you find yourself in the water. The ship continues on its journey. Discuss the following with your partner and share your views with the class 

• How long do you think you can stay alive in the water? 
• How will you know which way to swim? 
• What dangers will you face? 

The news
(a) Narendra Singh – broke record – long jump – regional meet – Principal sent congratulations – also President Youth Federation
(b) Narendra Singh from St. Michael’s School has broken the regional long jump record. The principal of St. Michael’s has sent his congratulations. Best wishes have also come from the President of the Youth Federation.

Work individually, and note down some events that occurred recently in your school or local area in the same way as the example in (a). Write a short report about it in the space given below.
Exchange notes with your partner. Read out your partner’s information as a news broad¬cast. Use the present perfect tense to report I express actions completed in the recent past but whose effect still remains.

Use your imagination to make the news item sound exciting

Based on your reading of the above story, answer the following questions:

  1.  How did the Bedouin and his wife extend their hospitality to the weary traveller?
  2. Why didn’t she have any meat left to serve her guest?
  3. Why was her son crying out aloud?
  4. How did she cover up her mistake?
  5. Why did the traveller flee from the tent?

Answer the following question by ticking the correct option :
What did the man do to prove his point? 

First, you will hear a local radio programme, read out by teacher / student which is given below which will give you ideas for your own programme. First, listen without writing anything. 

Presenter 1: A very good day to all our listeners. This is your local radio station, Class IX Local Radio - bringing you up-to-the - minute news, current affairs, music, interviews, round-ups - and much much more. 
Presenter2: Yes, and in today's programme we have a special report from Ketaki Lahiri on "Safety at School". 
Presenter 1: Nikhil Gomes brings you his regular weekly review of "Beyond the Timetable", 
Presenter 2: And Leena invites you to "Meet the Teacher". 
Presenter 1: And lots more - jokes, news -you name it and we have it. We start with the round-up of School News by our roving correspondent - Anant Singh. Anant, over to you. 
Anant: Good morning, everybody! The highlight of this weeks' School News is that our school football team lost every single match it played in the YMCA football tournament at league level. The physical education teacher is so livid that he has threatened to make the school team practice on a doubletime schedule from tomorrow. So, friends, it's "wake-up" at 4 a.m for all footballers henceforth. 

In another school news, the tiny tots were taken on a visit to the zoo. Some, it is said, did not wish to return. One accompanying teacher, we are told, had a tough time convincing them that life outside is better! 

Class XII put on a one-act play "Examination Fever" which was written, directed and produced by them. The proceeds from this show are being sent to "Prathyasha" - an organisation that helps handicapped children. 
Look out next week for new faces around the school. A group of 20 students from Japan are arriving on a cultural exchange programme, We might even get one of them on our next edition ofThe Class IX Radio Show! 

Presenter 1: So ... Lots happening at school, it seems,-and lots more on your Local Radio. It's time for jokes now. Over to you, Hafeez and Aarohi. 
Aarohi: Waiter , Waiter , what's wrong with these eggs ?
Hafeez: I don't know. I only laid the table; 
Aarohi: Waiter, waiter, what's this fly doing in my soup? 
Hafeez: Breaststroke, I think, Sir, 
Teacher: I wish-you would pay a little more attention.
Pupil: I'm paying as little as I can. 
Teacher: You should have been here at 9 o'clock. 
Pupil: Why, what happened? 
Presenter 2: Thank you, Hafeez and Aarohi. And don't forget, listeners, to send in your jokes. Every original joke will win you a reward of RslO/- for each one played on your favourite radio programme - Class IX Local Radio - the station just for you. 
Presenter 1 : And now to your regular spot "Meet the Teacher", in which Leena interviews one of your favourite teachers to discover the real person "behind the chalk dust". 
So it's all yours, Leena. 
Leena: Thank you ! I'm delighted today to be able to interview the Head of the Science Department, Mr Chirag Sharma. Mr Sharma, what all our listeners are dying to know is - are you as strict at home as you are at school? 
Mr Sharma: (Laughs heartily). I don't have a bunch of forty naughty children at home. 
Leena: Did you ever get into trouble when you were at school? 
Mr Sharma : Have you ever thought about how I am able to catch you in your tricks? I was usually up to the same tricks at school! No, I'm afraid my teachers were not very happy with me. 
Leena: How good were you in your studies, Sir? 
Mr Sharma: Ah, that was my strong point. My work was always up-to-date and fairly good. I was naughty, but I was also keen to learn more. 
Leena: How do you spend your evenings and holidays, Sir? 
Mr Sharma: I like to spend time at home with my teenage children. We have common tastes in music. 
Leena: Any message for our listeners Sir? 
Mr Sharma: Yes. Fun and-play have their place in our lives. We must enjoy our play. At the same time, we must work with enthusiasm and sincerity. 
Leena: Thank you, sir !
Presenter 2 : Thank you Leena for that fascinating interview. I'm sure we all know, now what makes Mr Sharma 1tick1• And now it's time for a break. It's "advert time". 
"Buy two but pay for one!" 
Ruchita of VIIC has a fabulous offer. Two pencil boxes for the price of one. Pay Rs 5 / for the bargain. 
Lost - A Keltron calculator. Krishna of Class XIIA has offered a treat in the school canteen to the finder. 
Presenter 1: And now, a very serious subject. Ketaki has been researching the topic 'Safety at School'. She has come up with some very disturbing findings. This is the report. Ketaki? 
Ketaki: As I went around the senior school I was alarmed to find a number of broken electric sockets with exposed wires. Beware of this hidden danger, senior students. That brings me to another danger - this time in the primary block. The lid of the ground level water tank is broken. Till it is repaired, students are warned not to go anywhere near it. 
Presenter 2 : Well, time1s up boys and girls of Class IX Local Radio - bringing you news and entertainment of interest to you, in your school and locality. Until next week ... 

Make five promises to your friend expressing your willingness to do something.
Use shall/will
e.g. I shall never be late to school.

Promises to Keep!

Did you Know?
One of the puzzling things in English is to know when to use shall and when to use will.

Whenever we desire to express some command, promise, threat or determination shall is used in the second and third person and will is used in the first person.

You shall receive your prize tomorrow, (promise)
He shall not enter the lab again, (determination)
I will reward her for her diligence, (promise)
I will report to the Principal if you don’t submit your homework, (threat)
I will never use abusive language, (determination)

In Question 3, you read an eye-witness account of a robbery. On the basis of your reading of the Birlstone tragedy, in about 125 words, write Dr Wood's account of the discovery of John Douglas's body. 


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