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A Plumb Bob is Hung from the Ceiling of a Train Compartment. If the Train Moves with an Acceleration 'A' Along a Straight Horizontal Track - Physics

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Short Note

A plumb bob is hung from the ceiling of a train compartment. If the train moves with an acceleration 'a' along a straight horizontal track , the string supporting the bob makes an angle tan−1 (a/g) with the normal to the ceiling. Suppose the train moves on an inclined straight track with uniform velocity. If the angle of incline is tan−1 (a/g), the string again makes the same angle with the normal to the ceiling. Can a person sitting inside the compartment tell by looking at the plumb line whether the train is accelerating on a horizontal straight track or moving on an incline? If yes, how? If not, then suggest a method to do so.

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Solution

No, a person sitting inside the compartment can't tell just by looking at the plumb line whether the train is accelerating on a horizontal straight track or moving on an incline.
When the train is accelerating along the horizontal, the tension in the string is \[m\sqrt{g^2 + a^2}\] when it is moving on the inclined plane, the tension is mg. So, by measuring the tension in the string we can differentiate between the two cases.

Concept: Newton's First Law of Motion
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 1
Chapter 5 Newton's Laws of Motion
Short Answers | Q 17 | Page 77
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