A Piece of Charcoal and a Piece of Shining Steel of the Same Surface Area Are Kept for a Long Time in an Open Lawn in Bright Sun. - Physics

Short Note

A piece of charcoal and a piece of shining steel of the same surface area are kept for a long time in an open lawn in bright sun.
(a) The steel will absorb more heat than the charcoal
(b) The temperature of the steel will be higher than that of the charcoal
(c) If both are picked up by bare hand, the steel will be felt hotter than the charcoal
(d) If the two are picked up from the lawn and kept in a cold chamber, the charcoal will lose heat at a faster rate than the steel.

Solution

(c) If both are picked up by bare hands, the steel will be felt hotter than the charcoal
(d) If the two are picked up from the lawn and kept in a cold chamber, the charcoal will lose heat at a faster rate than the steel.

In steel, conductivity is higher than charcoal. So, if both are picked up by bare hands, then heat transfer from the body (steel or charcoal) to our hand will be larger in case of steel. Hence, steel will be hotter than the charcoal.
On the other hand, emissivity of charcoal is higher as compared to steel. So, if the two are picked up from the lawn and kept in a cold chamber, charcoal will lose heat at a faster rate than steel.

Concept: Thermal Expansion of Solids
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 6 Heat Transfer
MCQ | Q 4 | Page 98