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A Pair of Dice is Thrown 4 Times. If Getting a Doublet is Considered a Success, Find the Probability Distribution of the Number of Successes And, Hence, Find Its Mean. - Mathematics

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Sum

A pair of dice is thrown 4 times. If getting a doublet is considered a success, find the probability distribution of the number of successes and, hence, find its mean.

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Solution

Let X be the number of times a doublet is obtained in four throws.
Then, p = probability of success in one throw of a pair of dice =

\[\frac{6}{36} = \frac{1}{6}\]

\[\text{ and }  q = \frac{5}{6}; n = 4\]
\[P(X = r) = ^ {4}{}{C}_r \left( \frac{1}{6} \right)^r \left( \frac{5}{6} \right)^{4 - r} , r = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4\]
\[\text{ As n = 4 and } p = \frac{1}{6}, \]
\[\text{ mean } = np = \frac{4}{6} = \frac{2}{3}\]

\[\therefore P(X = r) =^ {4}{}{C}_r \left( \frac{5}{6} \right)^r \left( \frac{1}{6} \right)^{n - r} , r = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4\]
\[\text{ The distribution is as follows: }  \]

        X             0      1     2      3      4
\[P(X) \left( \frac{5}{6} \right)^4 \frac{20}{6^4} \frac{150}{6^4} \frac{500}{6^4} \frac{1}{6^4}\]

 

Concept: Random Variables and Its Probability Distributions
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 12 Maths
Chapter 33 Binomial Distribution
Exercise 33.2 | Q 20 | Page 25
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