# A Machine Part is Subjected to Forces as Shown.Find the Resultant of Forces in Magnitude and in Direction. Also Locate the Point Where Resultant Cuts the Centre Line of Bar Ab. - Engineering Mechanics

A machine part is subjected to forces as shown.Find the resultant of forces in magnitude and in direction.
Also locate the point where resultant cuts the centre line of bar AB. Solution:
Given : A machine subjected to various forces
To find : Resultant of forces
Point where the resultant force cuts the bar AB

#### Solution In △BAM,

∠A=60°
AB=3 m
BM=3sin60
=2.5981 m

In △CAN
AC=1.5m
AN=1.5cos60
=0.75 m
AP=AN+NP
=0.75+0.5
=1.25 m

Two 20N forces are equal and opposite in direction.Hence,they form a couple
Perpendicular distance between two 20 N forces = 1m
Moment of couple = 20 x 1
=20 kN-m (Anti clockwise)
Assume R is the resultant of the forces and it is inclined at an angle θ with horizontal

ΣF_X=5 kN

ΣF_Y=-15 kN
R=sqrt( F_x^2)+ (F_Y^2)
=sqrt(5^2 +(−15)^2)
=15.8114 kN

θ = tan^(-1)((R_y)/(R_X))
=tan^(-1)((−15)/5)

Assume that the resultant cut the center line of bar AB at point D
Applying Varigon’s theorem

ΣM_A=ΣM_A^R
-5 x BM -15 x AP +20 = R x AQ
-11.7405 = -15.8114 x AQ
AQ = 0.7425 m

In △AQL, ∠ALQ=θ

∠QAL=90 - θ

∠BAL=60

= θ - 30
=71.5651 - 30

=41.5651°

In△DAQ,cos QAD= (AQ)/(AD)
AD=(AQ)/(cosDAQ) = (0.7425)/(cos41.5651) = 0.9924 m

Resultant force = 15.8114 kN(at 71.5651° in fourth quadrant)
It cuts the center line of bar AB at point D such that AD=0.9924m

Concept: Varignon’s Theorem
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