A lens forms a real image 3 cm high of an object 1 cm high. If the separation of object and image is 15 cm, find the focal length of the lens.
Height of image (h') = - 3 cm (negative because image is real)
Height of object = 1 cm
Let us first define the sign convention:
Since the object distance is always negative, let it be -u.
Since the focal length is positive for a convex lens, let it be +f .
(i) Since object distance (u) is always negative, and the ratio `v/u` here is negative, v must be positive, i.e., it is on the right side of the lens.
Now, we have object distance + image distance = 15
`v+(-u)=15 (using sign convention)`
Applying the lens formula:
Hence, the focal length of the lens is +2.81 cm.
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