A gland W is located just below the stomach in the human body. The gland W secretes a hormone X. The deficiency of hormone X in the body causes a disease Y in which the blood sugar level of a person rises too much. The person having high blood sugar is called Z.
(a) Name (i) gland W, and (ii) hormone X.
(b) What is the function of hormone X?
(c) Name (i) disease Y, and (ii) person Z.
(d) What advice would you like to give to a person who is suffering from disease Y due to faulty life-style?
- (i) W represents the pancreas. It is located just below the stomach in the human body.
(ii) X represents insulin, which is secreted by the pancreas.
- The function of insulin (X) is to maintain the sugar level in blood.
- (i) Y represents diabetes, which is a disease caused by increased blood sugar level.
- A person suffering from diabetes (Y) should control his/her diet, reduce his/her weight and do regular physical exercises. He/she should regularly take proper medication to control the sugar level in blood.
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